In this article, information is given about the computer which provides the data flow for the computer and many electronic devices. Now there are many types of processors.
A computer is called a processor that controls the data (data) flow of a thing that works and merges these units, performs data processing (planning, evaluating and generating new data). It is correct to use the statement that the processor is a head for the processor.
The processor in the computer is like a brain in a human being, we know what information is where we are, and send them where necessary. The process and transaction processor information on the computer are included. Processors are integrated circuits without mechanical parts. Today there are various kinds of processors in the market.
Only the processors had only built-in enhancements. More detailed electronic devices such as dishwashers, washing machines, televisions, automatic machinery and tools in factories are available. Brain nervous system guidance of all organs, the processor in these electronic devices
What is a Processor?
The processor also means the Central Processing Unit (CPU), the central processing unit. the computer's brain for the processor. All the movements on the computer is definitely the processor. Pressing a key on the keyboard and moving the mouse takes place on the one-to-one processor. Processors section that performs the main storage and processing of data input and output operations with computer and software commands. The central processing unit is capable of arithmetic and logical processing. The first processors are manufactured to perform certain operations and often only one operation.
The use of microprocessors in the 1970s has expanded the use of the processor. In this way, used cars now, mobile phones, computers and many more products of these processors are used. A little about microprocessors; There are semiconductor materials called millions of transistors. Electrical signals and passes these transistors, subtraction, converted to basic mathematical operations such as multiplication and division. This process is called the ALU (Arithmetic Logic Unit) is called.
How does the processor work?
The central processing unit is capable of arithmetic and logical processing. It provides proper operation with software provided between input and output units. The central processing unit operates with a low-level coding system called machine language. This coding system consists of the process codes that the computer can detect. All the codes that a microprocessor can detect are called the command set of that processor.
Processors are integrated circuits without mechanical parts. They contain millions of transistors and the more transistors they contain, the faster they work. Due to heat problems, a processor cannot be used in any desired size to increase the number of transistors used. However, it is possible to fit much smaller transistors into an appropriate processor die by reducing the range of circuits between them.
Today, most processors are produced in 0.25 microns. The lower the number of microns, the higher the speed of the processors. Each computer has a built-in clock that determines the speed at which its operations are performed in order to ensure that its commands are performed in a regular manner, and that allows synchronization between the various hardware devices. The processor performs each command in a specific clock loop. If the clock is fast, the processor performs more commands. 1 MHZ seconds corresponds to 1 million hours cycle. So 400 MHZ processor can make 400 million cycles per second.
What is the Processor?
The central processing unit is the most important component in the nature of the processor computers. All the movements and functions required in the computer are made by the processor. It processes the data from other devices with the help of mathematical operations, reaches the result and sends the result to the required places. All this happens in less than a second. To give an example to better understand the subject; When the command 2 and 3 is commanded, it activates the arithmetic center of the processor, performs this operation and transfers the result to you.
MP3 files are files that are encoded in a special way. It also opens, processes, and transmits the required data to the sound card. Thus, you hear the sound of music. In short, the processor is activated in every command that needs to be calculated or decided. So according to the command given the desired result.
Microprocessors are made up of millions of transistors, such as an on / off switch. Depending on the programming status of these switches, electrical signals flow through them. These signals also allow the computer to download all the mathematical operations. In addition, the processor is the simplest counting system, which uses binary numbers, ie 0 and 1.